What you need to know about Lyme Disease

What you need to know about Lyme Disease

Vaccinating Your Dog Against Lyme Disease (1)

 

If you live in Ohio, Lyme Disease has been a shadow looming over us for a long time. It used to be “just a New England thing”, but now it has crept into our neck of the woods in its never ending march westward. We’ve known it was coming for months – years even. Now it is finally here.

LYME_COUNTIES

Our job now becomes one of estimating the threat and providing an appropriate response to keep our dogs safe and protected from this disease. This is part of what we as veterinarians do all the time. Due to the costs, and a desire to keep the number of vaccinations as low as possible in every patient, for many months, the opinion of AVC was one of preferring faithful application of tick preventatives over Lyme vaccination. Recently our official stance has changed regarding the Lyme vaccine. Although it is technically not considered a core vaccine, due to finding not one, but two Lyme positive dogs in the past month – we feel that this vaccine needs to be made available to our clients. It is because of these positive dogs that we have starting carrying a small amount of Merial Lyme Vaccine. We are now making the option available to all our dog parents so that they can keep their dogs protected.

Here’s what you need to know:

  • What is Lyme Disease? 

Lyme Disease is a bacterial infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a bacteria that is transmitted via tick bites. It can affect humans, dogs, horses and cattle. Cats typically do not contract Lyme Disease.

  • How do I know if my dog has Lyme Disease? 

The best, most accurate way to detect Lyme Disease is a blood test. At AVC, we use a test called a 4DX that tests for Heartworm Disease, Lyme Disease, Anaplasmosis, and Ehrlichia. The test uses a small sample of blood, and gives us results in about 10 minutes. We perform this test on our patients yearly to make sure they haven’t been exposed to these diseases over the course of the previous year. Other symptoms of Lyme Disease that you may notice at home are joint pain/lameness, joint swelling, fever, loss of appetite, and reduced energy.

  • Is Lyme Disease fatal?

Not usually. However, in a small number of infected dogs, the bacteria can damage the kidneys which can lead to glomerulonephritis, which is nearly always fatal.

  • Is Lyme Disease treatable?

The good news is yes, Lyme Disease is treatable with an extended trial of antibiotics. Not all dogs who test positive for Lyme will develop clinical signs, however, AVC always recommends treating with antibiotics to help prevent the onset of clinical signs, and especially to protect the kidneys from damage. Although antibiotics should always be used judiciously the doctors feel that the potential protection against acute kidney disease and uncomfortable Lyme symptoms warrants the used of extended antibiotics for any Lyme positive dog. Even though Lyme Disease is technically a treatable infection, the best option is always to prevent it in the first place!

  • Is Lyme Disease preventable? 

Thankfully, yes! Lyme Disease can be prevented by vaccination against the bacteria that the ticks carry, by staying consistent with your dog’s tick prevention medications, or you can be extra safe and do both! (Which is what we recommend, especially for dogs with a high exposure risk)

  • Is it effective? 

Yes! The Merial Recombitek Lyme Vaccine was able to protect 100% of the dogs in their study after a severe natural exposure.

  • Is the vaccine safe? What about vaccine reactions?

The specific type of Lyme Vaccine that we chose to carry at AVC is the safest, least reactive vaccine that you can purchase. The Recombitek Lyme is a type of vaccine that does not contain the entire bacteria, but only parts of the proteins that allow it to create immunity, but doesn’t include the extra “junk” proteins that are not needed for immunity, and often those proteins are what cause allergic reactions. Because this is a much cleaner vaccine, it causes far fewer allergic reactions. It is also a non-adjuvanted vaccine, which is by far the safest type of vaccine on the market.

  • How do I get my dog vaccinated? 

For any dog who has never received the Lyme Vaccine, or hasn’t received one within the last 5 years, they will require one temporary vaccine, and a booster 2-3 weeks later. If your dog has had their yearly physical within the last 12 months, and is otherwise up to date on all their regular vaccinations, our veterinary technicians can administer the Lyme vaccine, and they will not require another physical exam.

  • Is it expensive? 

Sadly, the Lyme Vaccine is a bit higher than your dog’s regular vaccines. We won’t lie, the price has been factored into our decision to carry the vaccination in the past, but we feel that at this time we can no longer rely solely on flea and tick preventatives to protect our dogs, and we feel the vaccine is an important part of our defense against this disease. We have tried to price the Lyme Vaccine at the lowest price point we can, and currently it costs $35 per vaccine.

  • Should I vaccinate my dog?

It depends on you and your dog. Do you spend a lot of time outdoors? Do you walk or hike with your dog? Do you live near areas with a high density of trees, or near any fields? Does your dog go outside to potty? If you answered yes, you might want to consider getting your dog protected. Ticks are literally everywhere, and this year we have seen an abnormally high amount of ticks. It is truly a personal decision whether you think your dog should be vaccinated or not, however, we can say that we highly recommend it.

  • Ok, sign me up! How can I schedule my pup? 

This part is simple! You can give us a call at 330-833-3127, or schedule an appointment online. We look forward to seeing you!

 

New Puppy Series – Teaching Stay

Teaching “Stay”

Training your dog how to stay is fairly simple, but can be one of the more frustrating behaviors to train if your dog is overly excitable and has trouble staying put for more than a fraction of a second. The key to teaching stay is for your dog to learn that by staying in the position you put them in, they continue to receive rewards. The stay behavior becomes rewarding, which means your dog will do it more often and with more reliability.

Step 1. Ask your dog for a sit or down and reward for the correct behavior.

Step 2. Say the command “stay” (or “wait” if you prefer) and wait a couple of seconds before giving your verbal marker such as “Yes! Good Stay!” and giving your dog a food reward.

Step 3. Give your dog a release word such as “Ease” or “Ok!” and back up a few paces to invite them to follow you.

Step 4. Ask your dog for a sit or down and repeat the previous steps, adding a few seconds each time that you ask your dog to stay before they get the reward. Work up to thirty seconds, then one minute, two minutes, etc.

Step 5. Practice this often, and change locations to gradually more distracting environments so your dog learns to perform this behavior everywhere.

Step 6. Once your dog can reliably stay put with you right next to them, begin adding distance. Even if your dog can reliably stay for five minutes you will need to back up a few steps while you work on distance. Place your dog in a sit or down, give them the stay command and back up a couple steps. Immediately walk back and reward your dog.

Step 7. Continue working with increasing the distance you can walk from your dog while they remain in the stay position.

*If at any point during distance training your dog stands up to follow you just give them a non-rewarding marker such as “Oops! or “Nope.” and go back a few steps in the training.

Step 8. Once you’ve worked with duration and distance it is time to add them together. As per usual when moving into a new area in training it is usually a good idea to regress back a few steps to avoid frustration. Place your dog in a sit or down, tell them to stay and take a few steps back. Wait five seconds or so, and then walk back to your dog and reward them.

Release Words

In teaching your dog stay we talked about release words. This is a word that lets your dog know it is ok to break the stay and move. It is an important aspect of training stay that many people overlook. Without a release word, the dog will not know when it is ok to get up and move around, and may decide to get up on their own especially when you are working on longer stays. When the dog knows that they must wait for the release marker before they get up it can make training the stay much easier.

New Puppy Series – Socialization and Confidence Building – Massillon, Ohio Veterinary Clinic

We continue our New Puppy Series today with a post all about socialization and confidence building. New puppies go through a period in which they need to learn how to interact with other dogs, people, and places. If you work with your pup during this time, it will give them a huge head start on growing up into a well-rounded dog that knows how to properly behave around other animals and people. The most important thing to keep in mind is to keep everything relaxed and fun! Read more below to learn how to get started!

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New Puppy Series – Teaching your Puppy to be Safe Around Food

Teaching your puppy how to behave around food is a fool proof way to ensure your dog will be calm and collected around food as an adult. We may find it cute or silly when a small puppy growls over a bone or a dish of food, but when the little puppy grows up into a large, snarling dog it’s not quite as cute or funny. Today we will go over some tips for teaching your dog to behave respectfully around food. 

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Essential Oils for Pets – Aquadale Veterinary Clinic – Massillon, Ohio Veterinarian

Perhaps you know a friend who sells them, or you’ve seen them on the shelves of your local health food store or even grocery store. Many people successfully utilize the healing effects of essential oils, but they have a storied history when it comes to using oils on the family pets. Let’s take a look at some of the safety guidelines to keep in mind when using essential oils on your furkids.

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Learning to Say Please (New Puppy Series) – Aquadale Veterinary Clinic (Massillon, Ohio Veterinarian)

Our next installment in the new puppy series is all about teaching your young dog manners. We know how hard it is to be a strict dog parent when your puppy is so darn cute it’s tempting to let them get away with everything, so the following guidelines will help teach your dog to be mannerly and respectful – without making you the bad guy!

Teaching Your Puppy to Say Please

Rules to Live By

No one likes having to follow rules all the time, but dogs generally behave better and are happier when they are given some boundaries in life. Using the following method can be a baseline for shaping your puppy’s behavior and creating a well-rounded, respectful adult dog. The method is based upon two simple rules that dogs must be taught to follow for their entire lives:

Rule 1: Nothing in life is free.

Your puppy should learn that he or she needs to respond to a sit command before they receive anything they want or need. This teaches your puppy to defer to you when they need or want anything. It ensures that all good things come from you. It creates a respectful puppy that will grow into a respectful adult dog. Finally, it can give your dog a “job” to do, which is an invaluable tool for all dogs but especially active and working breed dogs that were bred to do a specific job. These dogs can develop severe nuisance behaviors out of boredom.

Teach your puppy to sit on command, and then ask them to sit whenever they want something. This includes sitting for the following:

  • Food and feeding
  • Treats
  • Love
  • Grooming
  • Being able to go out – and come in
  • Having the leash, halter, or harness put on.
  • Having feet toweled
  • Being invited onto the bed or sofa (if desired)
  • Playing games
  • Playing with toys
  • Being petted or loved
  • Attention
  • Anything the dog wants!

Your dog’s only responsibility is putting his bottom on the floor or ground, being quiet, and awaiting your direction. Everyone in the house must be involved for this method to work well. Consistency, again, is very important.

All dogs can benefit from this method; however, they will need to be taught how to sit on command first. A sit command is extremely easy to teach, and puppies as young as five weeks can be taught how to sit.

Teaching Sit

Teaching a dog anything boils down to two simple facts.

  • Dogs repeat behaviors that are rewarding.
  • Dogs retire behaviors that are not rewarding.

Keep in mind that something might be rewarding to a dog that wouldn’t necessarily be rewarding to a person. Some dogs find rolling in stinky things supremely rewarding where as we would think otherwise. A lot of training issues stem from people misreading what is or isn’t rewarding to their dog. Always remember: If you want a behavior to stop, find out how it is rewarding to your dog and remove that reward. If you want a behavior to be repeated then reward your dog for doing that behavior.

To teach the sit command you will be rewarding your dog with food for performing a sit. You can either lure your puppy into a sitting position or try to catch them when they sit on their own and reward them. Sit can usually be taught with luring in a handful of five minute sessions. Frequent yet short training sessions work better than one long session, especially in young puppies.

Steps for Training Sit:

  1. Grab a handful of small treats. You can use your puppy’s kibble if it is hungry or close to a meal time. The treats need only be the size of your pinky fingernail.
  2. Take your puppy on their leash to a quiet, non-distracting place for their training sessions at first. Remove all toys and food from the area before beginning.
  3. Capture your pup’s attention by holding a treat in front of their nose, when they try to take the treat slowly move the treat over there nose towards their forehead and finally back over their head. The puppy should follow the treat with their nose, tilting their head back in the process. This usually prompts the puppy to sit down.
  • If the puppy will not sit when you lure them then you might be moving the treat too quickly. Remember to move slowly over their head so they can follow the treat with their nose.
  1. As soon as the puppy’s bottom touches the floor give them a verbal praise such as “Yes!” or “Good dog!” in a happy high pitched voice and immediately give them the treat.
  2. Back up a few paces so your puppy stands up to follow you and repeat.
  3. Once your puppy gets the idea and is sitting reliably with the lure you can begin adding a word with the action. Repeat the word “sit” as their bottom touches the floor so that they associate the word sit with the action of sitting. Repeat this step 20-30 times.
  4. Try holding a piece of food in front of your dog’s nose and saying “sit” one time. Give them 5 seconds and if they sit down say “Yes! Jackpot!” and give them several treats. If they don’t get it yet, do not repeat the command. Simply begin to lure them into the sit, reward them and try again. Avoid giving the command more than once. Repeating commands confuses your puppy. They won’t know if “sit” means sit, or if “sit… sit… sit!” means sit.

Troubleshooting

If your puppy starts to sit but just won’t put his bottom all the way on the floor at first go ahead and reward him for the partial sit so they do not become frustrated and give up. On subsequent tries only reward your puppy when their bottom goes a little further than before. This method ensures they get rewarded for progress and they will eventually get the idea. Keep rewarding as they get closer and closer to the end behavior you desire (the sit) until they are sitting all the way down. Once they completely sit down you can give them a “Jackpot!” of several treats to put emphasis on that behavior.

Using Food Rewards

When working with a food reward it is generally a good idea to schedule training sessions around times when you know your puppy will be hungry such as in the morning before breakfast or right before dinner in the evening. Different foods have different values according to your dog. The value your puppy gives certain foods depends on his or her preferences. The general rule is to use a high value treat when trying to train a new behavior as it makes a bigger impact on your puppy mentally, and helps you train behaviors much faster. Once your puppy has learned a behavior reliably you can switch to a lower value treat.

Some High Value Treats Include:

  • Real Meat
  • Soft or Squishy Treats
  • Stinky Treats

Some Low Value Treats Include:

  • Dry Biscuits
  • Regular Dog Food Kibbles

If you use real meat for training your puppy make sure it is a lean cut of meat and keep the rewards tiny. Boiled chicken breast works very well as a high value treat. It is affordable, lasts a long time and is very bland and easy on a dog’s stomach. You can shred it or cut it into tiny pieces and freeze what you won’t use right away.

Working with Distractions

Most dogs behave well in their homes but their owners are baffled when they go to the park or to the vet and their dog refuses to listen to commands. The issue is usually distractions! If you have trained your dog to ignore other things and listen to you while in a distracting environment they will be better prepared to listen to you in any environment. You do this gradually by starting in your home, then moving to your yard, then to a park where other people or dogs might be walking around.

Before you start any training session with your puppy make sure they have had a chance to empty their bladder and bowels so they won’t be distracted by those urges. Start with the leash on in a quiet area and then move to different rooms as you continue solidifying your puppy’s sit command. Work up to noisier indoor environments and eventually to your yard outside where there are more distractions.

Once your puppy has gotten the sit command down make them sit before they get anything they want or need. Ask them to sit before you pet them, before you put down their food bowl, before you snap on their leash, and before you play. Your puppy will learn that sitting calmly gets them what they want. Ignoring your puppy and withholding what they want (the reward) when they are acting up and being crazy will teach them that crazy behavior doesn’t work in their best interests. By doing this you cause the dog to make a decision.

Hmm, jumping on Dad and barking isn’t getting me any attention, maybe I’ll try that sit thing.”

The thought process in your dog will be to try everything in his arsenal to get what he wants. It is your job as a pet guardian to teach your dog how to appropriately ask for it. This method is safer and works better than any kind of dominance training such as alpha rolls or scruff shaking. When your dog is behaving well because he chose to out of his desire to get what he wants you will have a dog that is doing what you want him to, and it was his idea. This makes for a very easy road ahead of you as you raise your puppy. For more information on Say Please by Sitting, watch this video. There are also many excellent articles on Dr. Sophia Yin’s website

We hope this blog post helps you to get your puppy on the path to saying please by sitting. Have an older dog? It’s never too late to teach them this method. Once they get the general concept, you will be surprised at how well-behaved they can be once they know that only calm behavior gets them what they want! Try it with your dog today, and see if it helps!